The first chapter begins with Dhritrashtra asking Sanjay to tell him what is happening at the war. Sanjay is the King’s minister who has the capability to see beyond what the physical eye can normally see. He starts with telling the king who is at the war field, and who is on whose side. He says that the war is about to start, his says everyone has blown there conch shell (this was the indication of starting of the war in early India) the war is about to start, when Arjun starts to get anxious.
Before we move on, you all need to know about krishn. Krishn was a incarnation(avatar) of Lord Vishnu, and he was a complete incarnation. He was a cow-herder in the early life and then became prince and king of Mathura. He was the cousin of pandavs and kurus. He is a very important figure in Hinduism, to write about him will require a whole blog itself, so only few details are given about him. Before the war was about to start, Yudhistr(eldest of pandav) and Duryodhan (eldest of karav) went to him. Krishn said that one of you can have my army, the other one can have me. Duryodhan wanted the army and yudhistr, krishn himself. From thereon, krishn became the charioteer of Arjun.
Now, Arjun asks Krishn to please move him in between the army. After he is situated there, he asks Krishn, why are we killing these people. Arjun says “Seeing these people standing there, my heart is growing anxious and my mouth is getting dry, I can’t even hold my own bow, it keeps slipping from my hand. I can’t even stand.” One very important thing that Arjun says is “Hey Keshav, I see my end goal, but I don’t really want to kill my own clan to get there”. This is a very peaceful message which Arjun says, he is anxious, he doesn’t want to kill his own men or his cousins for land, for whatever wrong was done with his brothers. This is hard to see now, where people would get anxious about killing others, people are killing people by just seeing the end goal in sight. This is very evident in Arjun’s next line “Hey Govind, I don’t want land, or a good life. Because the people I am fighting for have left everything they have to fight with me or against me.” Arjun says “even if I get all the heaven by killing my own uncle and cousins, I will not do it. Even after killing my own cousins, what happiness will I get, I will still get sin for killing them, so why kill them? That is why I am saying that killing my own cousins is not something I want to do.”
After Arjun’s lamentation and argument is done with, he puts his bow and arrows down, and sits dejectedly in his chariot. As a reaction to this, Lord Krishn then steps down from his seat, walks up to Arjun, and begins his response. At first, it is a biting encouragement and pep talk, reminding the warrior of his duties as a Kshatriya, which then continues into the deep, philosophical discourse as it does, and becomes a gem of scriptures, one of the most influential, and the principles of this, we shall continue in the next post.